PSA offers a broad range of Due Diligence services that are tailored to our clients’ needs and informed by regulatory requirements and compliance guidelines. Our Ethics & Compliance team can scale from database and desktop research to on-the-ground investigations.

Our core strengths lie in analyzing and contextualizing the information gathered. With offices strategically located throughout the globe, PSA can provide regional and local context to information by utilizing in-house researchers with deep knowledge of their respective regions. As a result, we currently support clients throughout the world and across every major industry.

Open Source Intelligence (OSI) and Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD) reporting services form the baseline elements of our global Ethics & Compliance third-party vetting programs. For a tailored and responsive risk-based solution, each EDD can be combined with additional investigative elements—such as site visits, natural ownership mapping, and interviews with local informed human sources. These additions can dramatically increase the effective reach of each engagement.


Open-Source Intelligence (OSI)

  • Human analysts conducting desktop research
  • Collection of all electronically available public records and media
  • Machine-translated local language research
  • Research on one primary entity and up to two secondary individuals

Use Case: OSI Reports are effective in low-risk transactions and in jurisdictions with higher levels of publicly available information.

Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD)

  • In-country, human led records collection and information gathering
  • Human-translated local language research
  • Research on one primary entity and up to four secondary individuals

Use Case: EDD reports are effective in jurisdictions that are considered to have medium to high levels of publicly available information.

Additional Investigative Elements

  • Beneficial Ownership / Natural Ownership Mapping
  • Discreet Source Commentary
  • Site Visit
  • Further investigative elements as needed

Use Case: EDD reports can be tailored to fit varying risk profiles by adding some or all of these additional elements.


An EDD on a Mediterranean-based energy services company revealed that its key principal had close ties to a national leader in Latin America. Further research on this link revealed that the subject entity was under investigation in the Latin American country for participation in a high-profile corruption scandal. A natural ownership map created for the subject entity revealed a convoluted ownership structure that was intended to mask the near-complete ownership of the entity by a handful of politically-exposed individuals.

An investment firm in a Caucasus nation was found to be part of a family business empire connected to the most powerful political leaders in the country. Not only was its commercial success completely dependent on the good political standing of the family, but this status was increasingly being challenged. On top of this, the company would likely expose its Western business partners to high FCPA risks and multiple sources alleged that the subject engaged in money laundering on behalf of government sanctioned-entities.

An inquiry into an African mining company revealed close ties between the owners of the subject company and a national leader. Sources interviewed as part of an expanded EDD investigation revealed the subject company’s reliance on government favors as well as the entanglement of its key principals in a range of ongoing high-profile scandals and national-level political disputes.

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